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【干货】热处理行业常用词中英文对照(赶紧收藏)

时间:2019-05-06 17:38:03 来源:远拓机电

目前我国的金属热处理行业处于发展阶段,为了更好的提高金属热处理设备技术工艺,不断的学习新技术、新工艺,但是国外先进的热处理行业技术工艺我们不一定看的懂。为了促进国内热处理行业的发展,远拓机电厂为您整理的热处理行业常用词中英文对照,希望能够帮到您。
 
奥氏体austenite
 
奥氏体本质晶粒度austenite inhorent grain size
 
奥氏体化austenitization, austenitii zing
 
B
 
白口铸铁white cast iron
 
白铜white brass, copper-nickel alloy
 
板条马氏体lath martensite
 
棒材bar
 
包晶反应peritectic reaction
 
薄板thin sheet
 
薄膜技术thin film technique
 
贝氏体bainite
 
本质晶粒度inherent grain size
 
比强度strength-to-weight ratic
 
变质处理inoculation, modification
 
变质剂modifying agent,modificator
 
表面处理surface treatment
 
表面粗糙度surface roughness
 
表面淬火surface quenching
 
表面腐蚀surface corrosion
 
表面硬化surface hardening
 
玻璃glass
 
玻璃态vitreous state, glass state
 
玻璃钢glass fiber reinforced plastics
 
玻璃纤维glass fiber
 
不可热处理的non-heat-treatable
 
不锈钢stainless steel
 
布氏硬度Brinell hardness
 
C
 
材料强度strength ofmaterial
 
残余奥氏体residual austenite
 
残余变形residual deformation
 
残余应力residual stress
 
层状珠光体lamellar pearlite
 
超导金属superconducting metal
 
成核nucleate, nucleation
 
成形forming, shaping
 
成长growth, growing
 
磁材料magnetic materials
 
冲击韧性impact toughness
 
纯铁pure iron
 
粗晶粒coarse grain
 
脆性brittleness
 
脆性断裂brittle fracture
 
淬火quenching, quench
 
淬透性hardenability
 
淬硬性hardenability
 
D
 
带材baud, strip
 
单晶single crystal, unit crystal
 
单体monomer, element
 
氮化层nitration case
 
氮化物nitride
 
刀具cutting tool
 
导磁性magnetic conductivity
 
导电性electric conductivity
 
导热性heat conductivity, thermal conductivity
 
导体conductor
 
等离子堆焊plasma surfacing
 
等离子弧喷涂plasma spraying
 
等离子增强化学气相沉积Plasma chemical vapour deposition (PCVD)
 
等温转变曲线isothermal transformation curve
 
低合金钢low alloy steel
 
低碳钢low carbon steel
 
低碳马氏体low carbon?martensite
 
低温回火low tempering
 
点阵常数grating constant, lattice constant
 
电镀electroplating, galvanize
 
电弧喷涂electric arc spraying
 
电子显微镜electron microscope
 
定向结晶directional solidification S
 
端淬试验end quenching test
 
断口分析fracture analysis
 
断裂强度breaking strength, fracture strength
 
断裂韧性fracture toughness
 
断面收缩率contraction of cross sectional area,
 
锻造forge, forging, smithing
 
多晶体polycrystal
 
E
 
二次硬化secondaryhardening
 
二元合金binary alloy, two-component alloy
 
F
 
防锈的rust-proot, rust resistant
 
非金属non-metal, nonmetal
 
非晶态amorphous stats
 
分子键molecular bond
 
分子结构molecular structure
 
分子量molecular weight
 
酚醛树脂bakelite, phenolic resin
 
粉末治金powder metallurgy
 
粉末复合材料particulate composite
 
腐蚀corrosion, corrode, etch, etching
 
腐蚀剂corrodent, corrosive, etchant
 
复合材料composite material
 
G
 
感应淬火inductionquenching
 
刚度rigidity, stiffness
 
钢steel
 
钢板steel plate
 
钢棒steel bar
 
钢锭steel ingot
 
钢管steel tube, steel pipe
 
钢丝steel wire
 
钢球steel ball
 
杠杆定理lever rule, lever principle
 
高分子聚合物high polymer, superpolymer
 
高合金钢high alloy steel
 
高锰钢high manganess steel
 
高频淬火high frequency quenching
 
高速钢high speed steel ,quick-cutting steel
 
高碳钢high-carbon steel
 
高碳马氏体high carbon martensite
 
高弹态elastomer
 
高温回火high tempering
 
各向同性isotropy
 
各向异性anisotropy, anisotropism
 
工程材料engineering material
 
工具钢tool steel
 
工业纯铁industrial pure iron
 
工艺technology
 
共价键covalent bond
 
共晶体eutectic
 
共晶反应eutectic reaction
 
共析体eutectoid
 
共析钢eatectoid steel
 
功能材料functional materials
 
固溶处理solid solution treatment
 
固溶强化solution strengthening
 
固溶体solid solution
 
固相solid phase
 
光亮热处理bright heat treatment
 
滚珠轴承钢ball bearing steel
 
过饱和固溶体supersaturated solid solution
 
过共晶合金hypereutectic alloy
 
过共析钢hypereutectoid steel
 
过冷over-cooling, supercooling
 
过冷奥氏体supercooled austenite
 
过冷度degree of supercooling
 
过热overheat, superheat
 
H
 
焊接welding, weld
 
航空材料aerial material
 
合成纤维synthetic fiber
 
合金钢alloy steel
 
合金化alloying
 
合金结构钢structural alloy steel
 
黑色金属ferrous metal
 
红硬性red hardness
 
滑移slip, glide
 
滑移方向glide direction, slip direction
 
滑移面glide plane, slip plane
 
滑移系slip system
 
化合物compound
 
化学气相沉积chemical vapour eposition (CVD)
 
化学热处理chemical heat treatment
 
J
 
基体matrix
 
机械混合物mechanical mixture
 
机械性能mechanical property
 
激光热处理heat treatment with a laser beam
 
激光laser
 
激光熔凝laser melting and consolidation
 
激光表面硬化surface hardening by laser beam
 
加工硬化work hardening
 
加热heating
 
胶粘剂adhesive
 
结构材料structural material
 
结晶crystallize, crystallization
 
结晶度crystallinity
 
金属材料metal material
 
金属化合物metallic compound
 
金属键metallic bond
 
金属组织metal structure
 
金属结构metallic framework
 
金属塑料复合材料plastimets
 
金属塑性加工metal plastic?working
 
金属陶瓷metal ceramic
 
金相显微镜metallographic microscope, metalloscope
 
金相照片metallograph
 
晶胞cell
 
晶格crystal lattice
 
晶格常数lattice constant
 
晶格空位lattice vacancy
 
晶粒crystal grain
 
晶粒度grain size
 
晶粒细化grain refining
 
晶体结构crystal structure
 
聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethy lene (PTFE)
 
聚合度degree of polymerization
 
聚合反应polymerization
 
绝热材料heat-insulating material
 
绝缘材料insulating material
 
K
 
抗拉强度tensile strength
 
抗压强度compression strength
 
颗粒复合材料particle composite
 
扩散diffusion, diffuse
 
L
 
老化aging
 
莱氏体ledeburite
 
冷变形cold deformation
 
冷加工cold work, cold working
 
冷却cool, cooling
 
冷作硬化cold hardening
 
离子ion
 
粒状珠光体granular pearlite
 
连续转变曲线continuous cooling transformation(CCT) curve
 
孪晶twin crystal
 
孪生twinning, twin
 
螺旋位错helical dislocation
 
洛氏硬度Rockwell hardness
 
M
 
马氏体martensite (M)
 
密排六方晶格close-packed xagonal lattice (C.P.H.)
 
面心立方晶格face-centred cubic lattice (F.C.C.)
 
摩擦friction
 
磨损wear, abrade, abrasion
 
模具钢die steel
 
Mf 点martensite finishing point
 
Ms点martensite starting point
 
N
 
纳米材料nanostructuredmaterials
 
耐磨钢wear-resisting steel
 
耐磨性wearability, wear resistance
 
耐热钢heat resistant steel , high temperature steel
 
内耗internal friction
 
内应力internal stress
 
尼龙nylon
 
粘弹性viscoelasticity
 
凝固solidify, solidification
 
扭转强度torsional strength
 
扭转疲劳强度torsional fatigue strength
 
P
 
泡沫塑料foamplastics, expanded plastics
 
配位数coordination number
 
喷丸硬化shot-peening
 
疲劳强度fatigue strength
 
疲劳寿命fatigue life
 
片状马氏体lamellar martensite, plate type martensite
 
普通碳钢ordinary steel, plain carbon steel
 
Q
 
气体渗碳gas carburizing
 
切变shear
 
切削cut, cutting
 
切应力shearing stress
 
球化退火spheroidizing annealing
 
球墨铸铁nodular graphite cast iron, spheroidal graphitecast iron
 
球状珠光体globular pearlite
 
屈服强度yielding strength, yield strength
 
屈强比yielding-to-tensile ratio
 
屈氏体troolstite (T)
 
去应力退火relief annealing
 
R
 
热处理heat treatment
 
热加工hot work, hot working
 
热喷涂thermal spraying
 
热固性thermosetting
 
热塑性hot plasticity
 
热硬性 thermohardening
 
柔顺性flexibility
 
人工时效artificial ageing
 
刃具cutting tool
 
刃型位错edge dislacation, blade dislocation
 
韧性toughness
 
溶质solute
 
溶剂solvent
 
蠕变creep
 
蠕墨铸铁quasiflake graphite cast iron
 
软氮化soft nitriding
 
S
 
扫描电镜scanning electronmicroscope (SEM)
 
上贝氏体upper bainite
 
渗氮nitriding
 
渗硫sulfurizing
 
渗碳carburizing, carburization
 
渗碳体cementite (Cm)
 
失效failure
 
石墨graphite (G)
 
时间-温度转变曲线time temperaturetransformation (TTT) curve
 
时效硬化age-hardening
 
实际晶粒度actual grain size
 
使用寿命service life
 
使用性能usability
 
树枝状晶dendrite
 
树脂resin
 
双金属bimetal, duplex metal
 
水淬water quenching, water hardening, water quench
 
松弛relax , relaxation
 
塑料plastics
 
塑性plasticity, ductility
 
塑性变形plastic deformation
 
索氏体sorbite (S)
 
T
 
弹簧钢spring steel
 
弹性elasticity, spring
 
弹性变形elastic deformation
 
弹性极限elastic limit
 
弹性模量elastic modulus
 
碳素钢carbon steel
 
碳含量carbon content
 
碳化物carbide
 
碳素工具钢carbon tool steel
 
陶瓷ceramic
 
陶瓷材料ceramic material
 
体心立方晶格body-centered cubic lattice (B.C. C.)
 
体型聚合物three-dimensional polymer
 
调质处理quenching and tempering
 
调质钢quenched and tempered steel
 
铁碳平衡图iron-carbon equilibrium diagram
 
透明(结晶)陶瓷crystalline ceramics
 
同素异构转变allotropic transformation
 
涂层coat, coating
 
退火anneal, annealing
 
托氏体troostite (T)
 
W
 
弯曲bend, bending
 
完全退火full annealing
 
微观组织microstructure
 
维氏硬度Vickers hardness
 
未经变质处理的uninoculated
 
温度temperature
 
无定形的amorphous
 
物理气相沉积physical vapour deposition (PVD)
 
X
 
下贝氏体lower bainite
 
线型聚合物linear polymer
 
纤维fibre, fiber
 
纤维增强复合材料filament reinforced composite
 
显微照片metallograph,microphotograph, micrograph
 
显微组织microscopic structure, microstructure
 
橡胶rubber
 
相phase
 
相变phase transition
 
相图phase diagram
 
消除应力退火stress relief annealing
 
形状记忆合金Shape memory alloys
 
形变deformation
 
性能performance, property
 
X射线结构分析X-ray structural analysis
 
Y
 
压力加工press work
 
亚共晶铸铁hypoeutectic cast iron
 
亚共析钢hypoeutectoid steel
 
氧化物陶瓷oxide ceramics
 
延伸率elongation percentage
 
盐溶淬火salt both quenching
 
液相liquid phase
 
应变strain
 
应力stress
 
应力场强度因子stress intensity factror
 
应力松弛relaxation of stress
 
硬质合金carbide alloy, hard alloy
 
油淬oil quenching, oil hardening
 
有机玻璃methyl-methacrylate, plexiglass
 
有色金属nonferrous metal
 
匀晶uniform grain
 
孕育处理inoculation, modification
 
Z
 
再结晶退火recrystallization annealing
 
载荷load
 
增强塑料reinforced plastics
 
针状马氏体acicular martensite
 
正火normalize, normalization
 
致密度tightness
 
支化型聚合物branched polymer
 
智能材料intelligent materials
 
中合金钢medium alloy steel
 
轴承钢bearing steel
 
轴承合金bearing alloy
 
珠光体pearlite (P)
 
柱状晶体columnar crystal
 
铸造cast , foundry
 
自然时效natural ageing
 
自由能free energy
 
组元component, constituent
 
组织structure
 
α钛合金 αtitanium alloy

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